Dental plaque, or dental biofilm as more recently named is a soft and sticky mass of bacteria that builds up on the teeth. The longer the plaque biofilm sits on the teeth, the more ‘nasty’ it becomes. Sugars in your diet become consumed by the bacteria in your plaque, which then makes the plaque become acidic. This acidic plaque will then start to demineralise the tooths enamel which can lead to tooth decay. Bacteria in plaque can also sit underneath the gums and cause gingivitis and gum disease.
Dental plaque starts to harden after 24 hours, turning into calculus. Calculus is difficult to remove at home with your toothbrush or floss because it is a harder substance than plaque.
How to prevent plaque biofilm build-up:
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